If you're looking for a new dog, a Retriever might be the perfect addition to your home.
There are many popular dog breeds in the US, such as the Cocker spaniel, the Springer spaniel, the Fox terrier, the German shorthaired pointer, the German shepherd, and the Irish setter. However, retrievers are some of the most popular dogs out there—and for good reason.
Retrievers were originally bred in Scotland and England as hunting dogs. At the time, huntsmen needed a dog that was obedient and smart. They needed to be able to sit quietly for hours waiting for game, but they also needed to run and grab it after it was shot.
Breeders developed Retrievers as the perfect solution. These intelligent dogs loved bringing game back to their owners. They were also unafraid of water or cold conditions—an added bonus in the cold winter weather.
According to the American Kennel Club, there are six different types of Retrievers. Depending on the breed standard, each has different personality traits and levels of energy. That being said, there are a few things you can expect from any breed. These include:
- High intelligence
- Loyalty to owners
- Obedience with training
- Instinctive love for water
- A need for exercise
These smart and loving dogs will quickly become your new best friend. Whether you are looking for a new addition to your large family—or simply want a companion for yourself—there is a Retriever breed for you.
Read on to learn more about the different types of Retriever dogs.
The Curly-Coated Retriever is the most unique looking of the bunch. These smart dogs are easily recognizable by their curly-haired coat.
Bred by English hunters, this dog's coat helps protect the animal while out the in woods. The curls prevent the dog from picking up burrs and it is also water-repellent. They come in two colors: liver or black.
The beauty of this coat is that it does not shed nearly as much as other breeds of retrievers. It is also low-maintenance and easy to maintain, unlike a Golden Retriever.
Curly-Coats also called "the Curly" for short, are smart and quiet dogs. However, they can be somewhat difficult to train and can get bored with repetition.
With enough exercise they are calm around the house, making them a kid-friendly breed.
The Flat-Coated Retriever is an excellent, athletic breed of dog. If you're looking for a running or hiking partner, this is likely the breed for you.
Flat-Coated Retrievers have seemingly endless amounts of energy. They need plenty of exercise every day, otherwise, they will become restless and difficult. They're a great dog to take on a long walk through the city or to throw a Frisbee with.
This energy level will remain consistent through much of the dog's life. They are good for active people who want to bring their dog along for the ride.
Without proper exercise, these dark-colored dogs can become rambunctious. They will roll around in the mud or dig up flower beds. They should be trained in short intervals to prevent boredom.
Nova Scotia Duck Tolling Retriever
If you want a smaller retriever that has lots of energy, the Nova Scotia Duck Tolling Retriever might be the breed for you.
The Nova Scotia breed is small, lightweight, and fast. They often get mistaken for Golden Retrievers because of their long wavy coats. However, they are typically smaller than Goldens and can be recognized by their white markings. Their coats are also more of a red color than Goldens.
These dogs need plenty of exercise. They are great dogs to run with. As a retriever, though, their favorite game will always be fetch.
This is a smart breed and they need lots of mental stimulation. They should be socialized early on in their training. This should also include introductions to small animals like cats and rabbits. Without this training, the dog can have a strong prey drive.
Chesapeake Bay Retriever
In 1807, two puppies were rescued from a sinking ship in Maryland. Named Sailor and Canton, they were bred with other dogs in the region. At the time, breeders didn't care so much about the lineage of the dogs. Instead, they wanted animals that were powerful and obedient.
Eventually, the Chesapeake Bay Retriever emerged through this breeding. These sturdy medium-sized dogs look similar to Labradors but have shaggier waterproof coats. Their coloration is also different. They come in three colors: brown, sedge, and dead grass.
Chesapeake Bay Retrievers are sweet dogs. In general, you can expect them to be happy, courageous, and affectionate. They are protective of their owners and are not as outwardly friendly to strangers as Labradors or Goldens.
This breed is stubborn and independent. They can be difficult to train because of this and are known as slow learners. They won't be the best trick dogs, but they will master basic commands with repetition.
Are you looking for a retriever breed that is easy to take care of? A Golden Retriever might be the perfect dog for you. These dogs are more low-maintenance when it comes to exercise and training than some other breeds.
Golden Retrievers are an excellent family dog. They are gentle and kind and they are unlikely to tire of playing with children. They are also a good balance of energetic and relaxed. With enough exercise, they are happy to curl up and sleep.
Goldens also respond well to training. They are obedient and will learn quickly. Unlike a Labrador, they are rarely tough to handle. And they respond well to positive reinforcement. This breed is somewhat obsessive and focused, though, so you need to make sure you don't train them too hard.
They can suffer from issues with obesity so be mindful of what you are feeding your Golden Retriever.
If you live an active lifestyle, the Labrador Retriever might be the best breed for you. These intelligent dogs are perfect for families but do need plenty of exercise.
Labradors are one of the smartest breeds out there. Because of this, they are often used as disability dogs. However, their wits can get them into trouble. They get bored fast and can be destructive if left alone for too long. One way to beat this is to play fetch with them, one of their favorite games!
Your Lab will be a loyal pet that loves your family. They have an even temper, making them great companions for children. They are also quiet dogs who will maybe howl with a fire engine or bark at the door.
There you have it, the pros and cons of the 6 different types of retriever dogs! Whether you want a running buddy, a couch potato or a goofy family pet, these dogs will be there for you.